Earth Day Life Cycles Science

Simple, Edible Types of Rocks Activity for Kids

Young kids are naturally fascinated by various shapes, colors, and sizes or rocks they find. Turn that natural curiosity in to a study about types of rocks for kids! This hands-on rock life cycle project will help children learn about what are the 3 types of rock and how they are different. In this rock activities for kids, students will make edible rocks that are Sedimentary rocks, Metamorphic rocks, and Igneous rocks and the rock life cycle in a fun, meaningful way! Use this rock science project with preschool, pre-k, kindergarten, first grade, 2nd grade, and 3rd graders too!

Young kids are naturally fascinated by various shapes, colors, and sizes or rocks they find. Turn that natural curiosity in to a study about types of rocks for kids! This hands-on rock life cycle project will help children learn about what are the 3 types of rock and how they are different. In this rock activities for kids, students will make edible rocks that are Sedimentary rocks, Metamorphic rocks, and Igneous rocks and the rock life cycle in a fun, meaningful way! Use this rock science project with preschool, pre-k, kindergarten, first grade, 2nd grade, and 3rd graders too!

Types of Rocks for Kids

Kids learn best by exploring the world they can see and explore. As kids pick up rocks and make rock collections help them to understand the 3 types of rocks for kids with this easy rock activities for preschoolers, kindergartners, toddlers, grade 1, grade 2, and grade 3 students. With chocolate chips, children will make edible rocks that demonstarte the rock life cycle for kids in a way that makes sense and will stick too! This is such a fun, easy rock science experiment / demonstration for parents, teachers, tutors, and homeschoolers to add to their day!

What are the 3 types of rock

Scientists who study rocks are called geologists. Geologists classify rocks into three basic groups based on how they were formed in nature.

  • Sedimentary rocks form at the surface of the Earth in water or on land. These rocks are made from sediments or layers of rocks, minerals, or animal materials. These more chunky rocks are held together by minerals and chemicals or are loose and may break off easily. Sedimentary rocks are forming around us all the time. For example sand and gravel on a beach or river bed might be compacted and dried mud flats harden into shale. Some examples of sedimentary rocks are sandstone, limestone, and shale.
  • Igneous Rocks are formed from melted rock that has cooled and solidified. How does a rock melt in nature? Well, deep within the Earth, the high pressure and temperature causes molten rock, or magma to erupte from a volcano onto the Earth’s surface. Some examples of Igneous rock are –  Obsidian, granite, basalt, and andesite porphyry.
  • Sometimes sedimentary and igneous rocks are put under extreme pressure or heat that they completely change, these become metamorphic rocks. This process does not melt the rocks, but instead transforms them into denser, more compact rocks. Some examples of metamorphic rock are phyllite, schist, gneiss, quartzite and marble.

rock science

Edible Rocks

To make our edible rocks you will only need a couple simple ingredients you probabaly have laying around your kitchen:

  • 3 Mason canning jars
  • semi-sweet, dark, or milk chocolate chips
  • white chocolate chips
  • peanut butter chocolate chips
  • plastic wrap
  • microwave
  • paper, pen, and tape to label each jar
  • rock samples  from the three types of rock categories – optional

Rock Activities for Preschoolers

3 types of rocks for kids

I suggest first making a jar to represent each type of rock: igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary. Make sure you talk about what you are doing as you make it and then label the jar.

Start out by adding a layer of brown chocolate chips to a jar.

edible sedimentary rock activity for kids

Rock Activities for Preschoolers

Start by making your sedimentary rock by adding ¼ cup of chocolate chips, followed by ¼ cup of peanut butter chips, and finally by ¼ cup of white chips to a mason jar. Repeat the layers and observe what you see. Next, use a spoon or your fingers to press down and crush the layers as much as you can. The rock is slightly more compact than seperate, but it is still easly to define the different types of chips. This is a crude representation of a sedimentary rock.

Optional: You can attempt to remove the rock from from the jar to see it better. It will crumble but should hold together somewhat.

**Grab this set of sedimentary rocks to show to kids.

Rock Life Cycle

Rock Activities for Kids

To make your metamorphic rock you will exert heat on your sedimentary rock. In a 2nd jar repeat your layers like before. Now cover the cup with plastic wrap and heat it in the microwave for 30 seconds at a time until the layers have mostl melted, but are still seperate layers.

CAUTION: The cup and materials will be extremely hot. Do NOT remove them until the cup has completely cooled.

After the cup cools, take it out of the microwave and gently smoosh the chocolate with the back of a spoon. Notice how the layers have changed. The sediments have melted into a more compact rock with smooth layers of rock types; it is becoming more difficult to discern the different types of chips.

Optional: When your edible, chocolate rock cools completely, you can pop it out of the glass and have yourself a metamorphic treat! Spead up the process by putting it in the freezer for a few minutes.

**Grab this set of metamorphic rocks to show to kids.

Rock Life Cycle

To demonstrate igneous rocks you will once again layer your chocolate chips in a mason jar. This time you will melt the chocolate completely by microwaving it for 1 minute at a time and stirring. (This type of rock is completely melted where it is very hot in the earth’s core.) Once it is completely melted and even boiling a little, allow it to cool before handling. Have a parent help you use a pot holder to pull out the mason jar and set on a hot pad. With a spoon drop a blob of the liquid on a sheet of parchment paper as if the volcano spit out the liquid which will cool and start the rock cycle again.

**Grab this set of igneous rocks to show to kids.

rock worksheets for kids

Rock Science

This is such a fun, engaging way to learn about the rock cycle in a visual, memorable way for young learners! Dont miss our rock worksheets and our other earth science lessons too!

These fun, free printable Types of Rocks worksheets are a great way to learn about the different rocks that can be found on our planet Earth! These rock  printables allow kindergarten, first grade, 2nd grade, 3rd grade, and 4th grade students to learn about igneous rocks, metamorphic rocks, and sedimentary rocks. Also included is rock life cycle information with rock cycle diagram worksheet. SImply print the the rock cycle worksheet and you are ready to learn with handy science worksheets for kids. As we continue to learn about Earth Science we are digging in to learning about the types of rocks for kids. This is a fun, simple way for kids to start to understand what are the 3  types of rocks and how they are formed. In this edible rocks project we used common kitchen items to recreate basic food rocks! Let me show you how to make edible rocks with your preschool, pre-k, kindergarten, first grade, and 2nd grader for some fun, hands-on science for kids! Young kids are naturally fascinated by various shapes, colors, and sizes or rocks they find. Turn that natural curiosity in to a study about types of rocks for kids! This hands-on rock life cycle project will help children learn about what are the 3 types of rock and how they are different. In this rock activities for kids, students will make edible rocks that are Sedimentary rocks, Metamorphic rocks, and Igneous rocks and the rock life cycle in a fun, meaningful way! Use this rock science project with preschool, pre-k, kindergarten, first grade, 2nd grade, and 3rd graders too! One of my kids favorite ways to learn a new concept is with food! So when we were learning about the types of rocks for kids, I knew they would get more excited and remember it better if we did an edible rocks project! I came up with this starburst candy project to teach children about the 3 types of rocks! Use this rock activity to learn about the rock cycle for kids from preschool, pre-k, kindergarten, first grade, 2nd grade, and 3rd graders too!

Rock Activities

what is the earth made of playdough earth layers project for kids volcano-experiment-for-kids how to make crystals science project for kids water-cycle-in-a-bag

Earth Science Activities

Expand your lesson as you teach about Layers of the Earth for Kids with these fun activities for elementary age students.

About the author

Beth Gorden

Beth Gorden is the creative multi-tasking creator of Preschool Play and Learn. As a busy homeschooling mother of six, she strives to create hands-on learning activities and worksheets that kids will love to make learning FUN! Beth is also the creator of 123Homeschool4Me.com and kindergartenworksheetsandgames.com where she shares more than 100,000 pages of FREE worksheets,& educational ideas for PreK-8th grade.

Leave a Comment